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  • Emanuel Bowen's 1740s translation of the Dutch map published on Abel Tasman's voyage return in 1644. It was the missing East Coast & South-east coasts. This map was the reason for Capt James Cook's voyage of 1769? I believe so. The English translation of, what seems to be a Dutch invitation, to finish what they began.
  • Title Cartouche showing the original Dutch 1644 details as translated by Emanuel Bowen. www.historyrevisited.com.au
  • Another two Dutch discovery, the tip of Tasmania and the West coast of New Zealand. The Dutch cartographers had begun the discovery of the  "The Antipodes"! Bowen's translations of the Dutch explanations demand further investigation...
  • New Guinea  in relation to this newly discovered coastline.  Tasman has "Terra dos Papos Discovery by the Spaniards".  Also we see "Arnhem's Landt" and the future location of Darwin.
  • An early use of this term "Terra Australis" used in 1644 may have inspired Matthew Flinders to rename New Holland "Australia" in his 1814 publication. www.historyrevisited.com.au

Giclee Map Dutch Australia Guinea Terra Australis Tasman 1644


Product Description

Giclee, Southern Continent, Terra Australis, New Guinea, Dutch discoveries, Tasman, Bowen, 1644, New Zealand, New Guinea

"A Complete Map of the Southern Continent-Surveyed by Capt. Abel Tasman & depicted by order of the East India Company in Holland in the Stadt House at Amsterdam"

An archival limited Edition Giclee process print from the original hand colored copper engraving by Emanuel Bowen that was published between 1744-1748 in London.

Image Size: 38cm x 48cm. (151/6 x 191/6 inch)

Archival Limited Edition Giclee  /300. Issued with numbered certificate.

Description: On the return of Abel Tasman's Voyage in 1644, the Dutch published this aggregated map of the many Dutch visits in the 1600s: Peter Nuyts 1627,G. F de Witlandt 1628, Dirk Hartog, Capt.Pelsart, van de Lewin 1622, van Diemen 1642, to name a few. The name chosen is "Hollandia Nova discovered 1644". To the right of this title has been printed "Terra Australis, Discovered AD. 1644". In the 1740s  Emmanuel Bowen brought attention to this map by re-engraving the original map, with all the Dutch names unchanged, although he does translate some cartographic descriptive notes: "NB. This is the Country (considered)...in the best Climate, in the World", "Here Captn Pelsart was wrecked" and the two blocks of typeset we see floating off the blank east coast of, what must be, a sizable land mass. The recorded cartography begins near the islands to the north, the largest being "Terra Dos Papos of New Guinea". It continues to record the north coast, down the west coast (with a gap in the location of Perth today), then begins the south coast around to modern day Ceduna.The entire south-east corner and east coast remain undiscovered. The southern third of, what we now know is an island translated to "Van Diemens Land, Discovered 24 Novr.1642 (Tasmania). The Dutch have named an unfinished west coast floating in the Pacific Ocean, Zeelandia Nova. It seems the Dutch had published a red herring to encourage other sea-faring nations to take up the cartographic challenge to investigate this mystery. 

The British Admiralty, Captain James Cook & Terra Australis

It turns out that an original Dutch map, published in 1644, had been stored in the Bodleian Library, Oxford University. At a time when European Nations vied for naval supremacy, many Atlases, not only for the Admiralty & noble classes, but for a increasingly affluent merchant class, eager to establish new markets across the oceans. So it was that a mapmaker of Emanuel Bowen's caliber copied this Dutch map, importantly translating the map's message. Bowen's translation was engraved & printed in London, to be sold by subscription, between 1744 & 1748, with many other exciting prospects. The tantilising mercantile-colonial Dutch message, that had been left untranslated for 100 years, suggested that colonization may unlock boundless riches to whom-ever claims it. This is the first map printed in Britain solely devoted to Australia, New Guinea, and New Zealand. The British Admiralty began to take action, initially with the wayward voyage of Captain Wallis in the "Swallow" in the 1740s, but more reliably with the young  Captain James Cook's three voyages to the South Pole and the Pacific, beginning in 1769.




Other Details

Dutch Discoveries:
Abel Tasman
Emanuel Bowen:
British Admiralty
Captian James Cook:
New Holland

Product Reviews

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  1. Who Knew? The Dutch! 4 Star Review

    Posted by on 12th Oct 2012

    - Beneficial info and excellent intel you got here! I want to thank you for sharing your ideas and putting the time into the stuff you publish! Great work!

  2. Dutch Courage! 4 Star Review

    Posted by on 5th Nov 2011

    This map proves the Dutch were master cartographers long before the Harrison discovered Longitude!!!

  3. LGObrFkKGjYhTFxf 5 Star Review

    Posted by on 9th Sep 2011

    This map would have been a treasure when discovered! Too think it was the source of sending British voyages to ill in that East coast of New Holland (Australia). Capt Cook had much to thank this map for really...




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